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Bladder Stones

Bladder Stones



Bladder stones are hard buildups of minerals that form in the urinary bladder.

Causes


Bladder stones are usually caused by another urinary system problem, such as:
Bladder diverticulum
Enlarged prostate
Neurogenic bladder
Urinary tract infection

Almost all bladder stones occur in men. 

Bladder stones may occur when urine in the bladder is concentrated and materials crystallize. Bladder stones may also result from foreign objects in the bladder.

Symptoms


Symptoms occur when the stone irritates the lining of the bladder or blocks the flow of urine from the bladder.

Symptoms can include:
Abdominal pain, pressure
Abnormally colored or dark-colored urine
Blood in the urine
Difficulty urinating
Frequent urge to urinate
Inability to urinate except in certain positions
Interruption of the urine stream
Pain, discomfort in the penis
Urinary tract infection
Fever
Painful urination (dysuria)
Urinary urgency

Loss of control over urine may also occur with bladder stones.

Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a physical exam, including a rectal examination. The exam may reveal an enlarged prostate or other problems.

The following tests may be done:

Bladder or pelvic x-ray
Cystoscopy
Urinalysis
Urine culture (clean catch)

Treatment


 In 1 cup of water Boil 2 figs (anjeer)and drink daily.

Drinking 6 - 8 glasses of water or more per day to increase urination may help the stones pass if they are small.

Your health care provider may remove stones that do not pass on their own using a cystoscope (a small tube that passes through the urethra to the bladder).

Some stones may need to be removed using open surgery.

Medications are rarely used to dissolve the stones.


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